Dark under eye circles are a common cosmetic concern that many of us experience at some point in our lives. These circles, also known as periorbital hyperpigmentation, can give the appearance of tiredness, ageing or a generally fatigued look and whilst its essential to embrace our natural beauty there are various treatments available to help minimise the appearance of dark under eye circles and restore a more refreshed and youthful look.
In this guide we’ll explore some advanced treatments and tips for a comprehensive approach to under eye care.
Common causes of dark under eye circles;
- Genetics: Some people are more predisposed to dark circles due to their genetic makeup. If your parents or close relatives have dark circles, you may be more likely to develop them as well.
- Skin Tone: Individuals with a naturally darker skin tone may have more prominent under-eye pigmentation, making dark circles more noticeable.
- Thin Skin: The skin around the eyes is thinner than on other parts of the face, making blood vessels more visible. This can result in the appearance of dark circles, especially if the skin is not adequately hydrated.
- Age: As we age, the skin loses collagen and becomes thinner, making blood vessels more apparent. This along with a lack of circulation can contribute to the development of dark circles as the presence of deoxygenated blood under the eyes can give a dark purple appearance.
- Allergies and Sinus Issues: Nasal congestion and allergies can cause blood vessels to dilate, leading to a darker appearance under the eyes.
- Fatigue and Lack of Sleep: Insufficient sleep and fatigue can cause the skin to appear paler, making blood vessels and dark circles more noticeable.
- Topical Creams:
- Retinoids: There are specific retinols for the delicate eye area and if they are a cosmeceutical formulation like Neostrata’s comprehensive retinol eye cream or medical grade, they can stimulate collagen production and promote skin renewal, reducing the appearance of dark circles.
- Arbutin: This lightening agent can help fade hyperpigmentation due to the action on the pigment producing skin cells. We suggest a product like Obagi Medical Nuderm FX Clear which effectively treats the cause of pigmentation
- Vitamin C: An antioxidant that can brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of dark circles. We particularly love and recommend Obagi professional C Serum as this outperforms other Vitamin C products in the market.
- Eye Masks and Creams:
- Products containing ingredients like caffeine or arnica can help reduce puffiness and improve blood circulation.
- Sun Protection:
- Regular use of sunscreen helps prevent sun damage, collagen loss and hyperpigmentation. A client favourite is Obagi Hydrafactor SPF30 as this hydrates whilst protecting the skin and gives a dewy radiant glow
- Dermal Fillers:
- Hyaluronic acid fillers can be injected to plump the under-eye area, reducing the appearance of dark circles.
- Polynucleotides: A recent favourite is the Lumi Eyes Mesotherapy treatment that utilises Polynucleotides also known as PDRN (Polydeoxyribonucleotide), that harnesses the power of DNA to stimulate tissue repair and regeneration. Administered through injections, A product like Lumi Eyes improves circulation, collagen production and skin elasticity and significantly reduces the appearance of dark circles by promoting cellular renewal revitalising the under eye area.
- Chemical Peels:
- Peels containing Aha’s (alpha hydroxy-acids) or other exfoliating agents can improve skin texture, reduce pigmentation and brighten the skin under the eyes.
- Home Remedies:
- Cold compresses, cucumber slices, and adequate hydration can provide temporary relief.
- Medical Treatments:
- Laser therapy or intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments can target blood vessels and pigmentation, improving the appearance of dark circles. Whilst Radiofrequency can stimulate blood circulation and increase collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid for a brighter and refreshed eye area. Microneedling with skin boosters designed to treat the under eye area is very effective in tightening and brightening the skin and with regular treatments will improve the thickness of the skin under the eyes
- Healthy Lifestyle: Nourishing from the inside out
A holistic approach to treating dark circles involves paying attention to your overall health and lifestyle choices. Adequate sleep is crucial for skin rejuvenation, so aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, as dehydration can exacerbate the appearance of dark circles. Additionally, maintain a well-balanced diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Foods like leafy greens, berries, and omega-3 fatty acids can contribute to healthier skin from the inside out.
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